The Industrial Steam boiler is a vital and integral piece of equipment for various industries and businesses. Steam boiler selection is an important step that helps in the optimisation of the overall Industry. Hence, choosing a Good Steam Boiler is Important. However, one should first understand about boiler and their work. What is a Steam Boiler, and How does it work? A steam boiler is a pressurized system that generates and collects steam used for heating and energy sources in Industries and commercial businesses.
A steam boiler has a container, heating source and a valve to process water to steam using a heat source. However, Industrial boilers are different from Domestic boilers as the Industrial heating systems have different temperature and pressure outputs suitable to heat Large commercial properties. There are many Industrial Steam Boilers, but the Most Commonly used are firetube boilers and water tube boilers. Firetube Boilers are Low-pressure boilers known for their easy operation and small steam capacity. They offer a cost-effective solution with a simple design and minimal maintenance. However, Water tube boilers are high-pressure boilers that operate at high power and temperature.
After the determination of Boiler type/Design needed, businesses should consider the following aspects to choose a suitable steam Boiler:
Safety is the foremost and essential factor to consider while choosing a Steam boiler. As steam boilers with high or low pressures can be dangerous, one needs to be cautious while handling them. Hence, while selecting the required steam boiler, look for its safety system. A boiler with a low water content design makes the catastrophic explosion impossible.
Calculating the Cost of the boiler for the long term purpose is also essential. One should not purchase a cheap boiler and then spend more on their repair and maintenance later on. Although Price is important, consider the overall cost of operation while choosing a Steam Boiler. Different factors such as rated capacity, pressure, temperature, fuel type, and run hours are crucial to select an efficient boiler. As Cost and efficiency go hand in hand, we should give these specifications of Boiler’s Performance attention.
For a smooth business run, a steam boiler should run smoothly as well. The reliability and durability of the boiler system is another important factor. High mass boilers have thick metal used in the manufacturing of pressure vessels, leading to an increase in the boiler’s durability. Hence, industrialists should choose reliable machinery with a long lifespan.
The type of fuel needed to generate heat should consider knowing the resources available with the Industrialist. Steam boilers system uses coal, natural gas, biomass, and other energy to generate heat. Such Coal boilers are pretty costly with High emissions, whereas Biomass boilers are most economical and cheaply and readily available.
5) Ease of Maintenance:
One needs to consider the period of maintenance a boiler needs to work efficiently for an extended period. A well-maintained boiler system involves suitable pressure vessels, water treatment, Tanks, and reverse osmosis systems. Hence, Look for an effective monitoring and control Boiler system with a support plan for routine maintenance issues. And Govern their upkeep and maintenance from time to time for smooth functioning.
The less space a boiler occupies, the better. A boiler with a low footprint is better for both space and money. Industrialists should take proper measurements before Purchasing any steam boiler. Also, they should consider the space required for maintenance as well in the overall Footprint.
7) Steam Boiler Emission:
Due to the increase in air pollution, the atmospheric gas emission limit is an essential factor to consider. Earlier, there were limits on the region of provenance. One must choose a steam boiler to reduce harmful emissions of gases according to Thai laws & regulations.
8) Combustion Technology:
One should look for a High turndown level while maintaining good combustion efficiency. A boiler’s Thermal and combustion efficiency is essential for the burner’s performance. Industrial Boilers burns coal, biomass and fluids using different combustion Technologies such as low NOx burner. Here, effective turndown measures the lowest level of fuel input and air adjustment for good combustion efficiency.
9) Start-Up Time:
Time is Money! One needs steam in a narrow time frame. Water-tube boilers are such boilers that require less startup time and convert water into steam in a short period. Hence one should consider boilers with 5 to 20 minutes of startup time for efficient usage.
10) Low Heat Flux and High Heating Surface Area:
A boiler heating surface area should be relatively large, leading to high boiler efficiency, low exhaust gas temperature, and fuel consumption with fully utilised heat from fuel combustion. Boilers with higher firesides surface area values indicate high heat transfer efficiency. And the wetted heating surface determines heat flux. Hence, boilers with high firesides and wetted heating surfaces are considered efficient steam boilers.
These are the key consideration one should remember while choosing a suitable steam boiler. One should not rush while making decisions related to Industrial boilers. As boiler peak efficiency is attained when installed at the right place with the usage of appropriate applications.
Contact getabecboiler to know more about Industrial boilers. Let us help you and your business save money with efficient technology.